Acheological dating of grave headstones
In the New World the term refers to a period when permanent settlements were becoming more common and human groups were making the transition from hunting-and-gathering to agriculture. Bronze Age - A prehistoric period in the Old World, dating roughly from 3000-1000 B. E, defined by the widespread use of bronze as a material for tools, weapons, and ornaments. The lids were usually modeled to represent animal-headed gods or the heads of important people.
In evolutionary biology, an "archaic" Homo sapien is a hominin (or hominid) who was slightly more primitive than modern humans (Homo sapiens). Bulb of percussion - A small, rounded protrusion on a flake resulting from the blow that separated the flake from its core or another flake. Carbon dating - see Radiocarbon Dating Cardinal Directions - Collective term for the four primary directions: North, South, East, West.
Many ancient peoples, such as the Egyptians living along the Nile, depended on annual floods and alluvial deposits to replenish the soils they were farming.
Alluvial soils are usually nutrient-rich and good for agriculture.
Alloys are often stronger and more durable than pure metals.
In some instances, however, running water carries away nutrients from exposed soils and creates areas unsuitable for agriculture.
Amphora - A two-handled pottery jar with a narrow neck used by the ancient Greeks and Romans to carry liquids, especially wine and oil.
Archaeoastronomy - The study of ancient astronomical knowledge and its role in past cultures. - Before Present; used in age determination instead of B. Balks are often left to aid with stratigraphic analysis.
Archaeology - The scientific excavation and study of ancient human material remains. Benchmark - For excavation purposes, a permanent point at a known elevation that can be used to measure other elevations during excavation . Biface tools - Stone tools that have been worked on both sides or faces, meaning that flakes have been intentionally (not naturally) chipped off from both sides of the stone.